Ionin Bilingual Corpus


Tania Ionin
Department of Linguistics
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

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Participants: 22
Type of Study: naturalistic
Location: USA
Media type: no longer available
DOI: doi:10.21415/T5RP5P

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In accordance with TalkBank rules, any use of data from this corpus must be accompanied by at least one of the above references.

Project Description

The data in this corpus come from 22 children residing in the United States who either spoke Russian as their first language or were born in Russian-speaking families. Most children also acquired English as their first or second language. The Russian and/or English utterances of the children were collected as part of a 15-month study by Tania Ionin, an undergraduate student in linguistics at the University of Michigan, under the supervision of Dr. Teresa Satterfield. The primary goal of this project was to examine the emergence of verb finiteness and overt participants in the children’s acquisition of Russian and English. Another goal of this project was to look for effects of age on the pattern of second-language acquisition.

All of the data were collected by Tania Ionin in a series of taped interactions with the children. Each taping session took place in an informal setting such as the child’s home and involved such activities as playing with toys, looking at picture books, and interacting with parents, other caretakers, peers, and/or the experimenter. No particular elicitation methods were used. All of the children resided in Michigan at the time of the study, most in the Ann Arbor area, but some in Flint or Southfield. The following are detailed descriptions of the participants in each taping session and their relationships to each other. The investigator in each taping session is Tania Ionin.

Participants

Arkady (12;4) and Roma (12;4) are twin brothers from Flint who were born in Russia and emigrated to the United States with their parents 1 month prior to their taping ses-sion of 17-JAN-1998. Russian was the only language spoken at home. The twins had studied English in Russia for about six months and were studying English in school during the course of the study. Other participants include Svetlana, their mother, and Tania, the investigator.

Aysel (10;1), a girl from Ann Arbor, was born in Azerbaijan into a family that spoke both Azerbaijani and Russian. Russian was the primary language spoken at home. Aysel, an only child, emigrated to the United States with her parents 2 months prior to her first taping session of 1-NOV-1997. She spoke no English prior to arrival, and was studying it in school during the course of the study. At the session of 20-JAN-1998, she had been in the United States for 5 months.

Borya (2;4) and Luba (11;10), sister and brother living in Ann Arbor, were born in Russia and emigrated to the United States with their widowed mother 4 months prior to the first taping session. Sasha (8;10), their first cousin, had emigrated to the United States with his parents and grandmother 6 months earlier. Luba had studied English intensively in Russia for 4 years. Both Luba and Sasha were studying English in school during the course of the study, while Borya was sporadically attending an English-speaking preschool and was speaking only Russian. Russian was the only language spoken in the children’s homes. All of the taping sessions took place in Luba and Borya's home. Sasha was present during the first session only. The two later sessions were conducted with Borya only, although Luba was present for the first of those sessions. Luba and Borya were living with their mother and maternal grandmother, and Sasha, an only child, was living with his parents and maternal grandmother, who was also Luba and Borya’s paternal grandmother. 19-OCT-1997. Time in the United States: Luba and Borya: 4 months; Sasha: 10 months. Participants: Luba (11;10); Borya (2;4); Sasha (8;10); Iraida, the mother of Luba and Borya; Tamara, the maternal grandmother of Sasha and also the paternal grandmother of Luba and Borya; and Tania, the investigator. 6-DEC-1997. Time in the United States: 6 months. Participants: Luba (12;0); Borya (2;6); Iraida, their mother; Gita, their maternal grandmother; Tamara, their paternal grandmother; and Tania, the investigator. 6-FEB-1998. Time in the United States: 8 months.Participants: Borya (2;8); Gita, his maternal grandmother; and Tania, the investigator.

David (3;9), a boy from Ann Arbor, was born in the United States to a Russian-speaking family temporarily residing in the United States Russian was the primary lan-guage spoken at home, although David's older sister (not present during the taping session) spoke primarily English. During the course of the study, David was attending an English-speaking preschool full-time. Participants include David (3;9); Luné, his mother; and Tania, the investigator.

Hanna (3;1), a girl from Ann Arbor, was born in the United States to an immigrant Russian-speaking family. Russian was the primary language spoken at home by Hanna's parents and older brother, but Hanna spoke only English. During the course of the study, Hanna was attending an English-speaking preschool full-time. Taping was done on 21-SEP-1997 and 15-NOV-1997.

Lisa (5;4), a girl from Ann Arbor, was born in Russia and, after losing her parents as a baby, grew up in a Russian orphanage. Lisa was adopted by an American family 1 year and 4 months prior to the study. At the session on 5-AUG-1997, Lisa was living with her adoptive parents, who spoke no Russian, and attending an English-speaking preschool full-time. She spoke only English.

Yulya (12;5) and Roma (7;7), sister and brother from Southfield, were born in a Russian-speaking family in Kazakhstan and emigrated to the United States with their par-ents four months prior to their first taping session. They had not studied English prior to arriving in the United States. The first taping session was conducted for Yulya and Roma in their home. The second taping session was conducted for Roma and Masha in Roma's apartment; Yulya was also present for that session. The last two sessions were conducted separately for Roma and Masha in their respective homes; Yulya was present during Ro-ma's taping session.For the recording on 8-NOV1997, Yulya and Roma had been in the United States 4 months. For the recording on 23-JAN-1998, they had been in the United States 7 months. For 19-FEB-1998. Yulya and Roma had been in the United States 8 months. Other participants include Sergey, Yulya and Roma’s father; Slava; their neighbor Masha; Masha’s father; and Tania, the investigator.

Masha (7;4), a girl from Southfield, was born in a Russian-speaking family in Uzbekistan and emigrated to the United States with her parents and older brother 4 months after Yulya and Roma. She was a neighbor of Yulya and Roma. At the session of 23-JAN-1998 she had been in the United States 3 months. At the session of 19-FEB-1998 she had been in the United States 4 months.

Ola (6;10) and Maya (5;3), two sisters from Ann Arbor, were born in Russia and orphaned as young children. They spent 10 months in a Russian orphanage, and were adopted by an American family 5 months prior to their first taping session. At the time of the study, Ola and Maya were residing with their adoptive parents and older sister, none of whom spoke Russian, and were attending an English-speaking school. Ola and Maya spoke only English throughout the course of the study. 12-AUG-1997. Time in the United States: 5 months. Participants: Ola (6;10); Maya (5;3); Melanie, their adoptive mother; Amy, their 8-year-old adopted sister; and Tania, the investigator. 27-OCT-1997. Time in the United States: 7 months.Participants: Ola (7;0); Maya (5;5); and Tania, the investigator.

Valeria (5;0) and Nastya (6;7), two girls from Ann Arbor, were born in Russia. Valeria spent her infancy in France, and came to the United States as a toddler with her parents. Nastya came to the United States with her parents 9 months prior to the taping session. The parents of both girls were temporarily residing in the United States on work visas. Russian was the primary language spoken in both girls’ homes. Both Valeria and Nastya were attending English-speaking schools. Both girls were only children. The families of the two girls were friends, and the taping session was conducted in Valeria’s home, with Nastya over for a visit. At the session of 10-SEP-1997 Valeria had been in the United States about 3.5 years and Nastya had been in the United States about 9 months. Other participants include Nastya’s friend, Marina; Valeria's mother; Andrei, Valeria’s father; Oxana, Nastya’s mother; and Tania, the investigator.

Vanya (4;11) and Lisa (2;4), a brother and sister from Flint, were living in an immigrant Russian family. Vanya was born in Russia and came to the United States as a toddler, while Lisa was born in the United States. Russian was the primary language spoken by the children’s parents and grandmother. During the course of the study, Vanya attended an English-speaking preschool full-time, while Lisa stayed home with her grandmother and spoke only Russian. At the session of 12-JUN-1997 Vanya had been in the United States about 2.5 years and Lisa had been in the United States since birth. Other participants include Yulya, their mother; their paternal grandmother; and Tania, the investigator.

Yulya (8;9) and Anya (5;2), two sisters from Ann Arbor, were born in Russia and emigrated to the United States with their parents 2 and a half years prior to the taping ses-sion of 26-JUN-1997. At the time of the study, both sisters were attending English-speak-ing schools. Russian was the primary language spoken at home.

Yasha (4;7) and Gulia (2;11), a brother and sister from Ann Arbor, were born in the United States to parents who had emigrated from Russia. Russian was the primary lan-guage spoken at home by the children’s parents and grandmother. Throughout the period of the first five tapings, Yasha and Gulia did not attend preschool but stayed in the home of an English-speaking baby-sitter a few hours a week. During the period of the last taping session, Gulia was attending an English-speaking preschool regularly, and Yasha attended kindergarten. 10-JAN-1997 (at home). Participants: Yasha (4;7); Gulia (2;11); Anna, their mother; their maternal grandmother; and Tania, the investigator. 27-JAN-1997 (at the baby-sitter's). Participants: Yasha (4;7); Gulia (2;11); Debra, their baby-sitter; Jasmine, Debra’s two-year-old daughter; Alexander, Yasha and Gulia’s father who comes to take them home from the baby-sitter’s; and Tania, the investigator. 13-FEB-1997 (at home). Participants: Yasha (4;8); Gulia (3;0); Anna, their mother; their maternal grandmother; and Tania, the investigator. 19-MAR-1997 (at the baby-sitter's). Participants: Yasha (4;9); Gulia (3;1); Debra, their baby-sitter; Jasmine, Debra's three-year-old daughter; and Tania, the investigator.13-APR-1997 (at home). Participants: Yasha (4;10); Gulia (3;2); Anna, their mother; Teresa, a friend of Anna; Julian, Teresa's four-year-old son, a friend of Yasha; and Tania, the investigator. 23-NOV-1997 (at home). Participants: Yasha (5;5); Gulia (3;9); their maternal grandmother; and Tania, the investigator.