Bol / Kuiken Corpus: Normal


Gerard Bol
General Linguistics
University of Groningen

website

Folkert Kuiken
Dutch as Second Language
University of Amsterdam

website

Participants: 31
Type of Study: clinical
Location: Netherlands
Media type: audio being digitized in Groningen
DOI: doi:10.21415/T5G60G

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Project Description

This corpus includes data from the SLI children of the GRAMAT research, carried out by Gerard Bol and Folkert Kuiken between 1984 and 1988.

The GRAMAT research aimed at two questions: 1) Is it possible to discern patterns in the morphosyntax of three groups of language-disordered children — children with SLI, with Down syndrome, and with hearing impairment, and 2) Can these patterns be related to the clinical characteristics of the children? Analysis of samples of spontaneous speech produced an affirmative answer to the first question. The answer to the second question is that the different clinical characteristics of the children did not lead so much to different kinds of language disorders as to differences in the degree of being language disordered. The three groups of children showed more commonalities than differences in producing morphosyntax.

Normally-developing Children

The 31 Dutch normally developing children (15 male and 16 female) in this research ranged in age from 1;07.11 to 3;07.5. Sixteen children have been recorded at two moments in time so that the total number of recordings is 47. The names of the children in the corpus are pseudonyms. Participants are identified by first names and with a six-digit code, indicating the age of the child in years, months, and days. Further information about the children is given below.

The 31 normally developing children were selected from playgroups and day-care centres in Amsterdam. The children were audiorecorded for one hour in everyday situations at their homes in the presence of at least one of the parents and two observers. From each child 100 analyzable utterances were transcribed by the investigator that had been present at the recording. After that the utterances were analyzed according to the GRAMAT framework. GRAMAT (Grammatical Analysis of Developmental Language Disorders) is a Dutch adaptation of the descriptive morphosyntacticframework used by Crystal, Fletcher and Garman (1976).

Bol Kuiken Normal Children
Nr.Normal ChildAgeMLUSex
01Barry0107111.3M
02Bert 10300123.8M
03Bert 20307055.2M
04Channe0202292.2F
05Chantal0305104.5F
06Corine0108061.3F
07Dieuwertje0200122.7F
08Els 10110122.1F
09Els 20205072.9F
10Floor 10207273.5F
11Floor 20301244.1F
12Frederique 10208054.1F
13Frederique 20302185.3F
14Gea0108231.1F
15Jelle0305283.5M
16Karel 10203163.2M
17Karel 20210045.1M
18Katja 10206203.2F
19Katja 20300154.7F
20Katrijn0201091.8F
21Maaike 10206102.5F
22Maaike 20300254.5F
23Marcel0304163.9M
24Marco 10107201.2M
25Marco 20201222.3M
26Marieke 10111121.4F
27Marieke 20206242.4F
28Marius 10205112.8M
29Marius 20300064.3M
30Martijn 10300023.7M
31Martijn 20306064.2M
32Michiel 10205022.4M
33Michiel 20211182.8M
34Mijke0303244.3F
35Otje0304204.1F
36Rianne 10204203.5F
37Rianne 20211204.2F
38Rogier0111161.1M
39Ronnie0110051.0M
40Suzanne0110171.7F
41Theo 10210093.5M
42Theo 20305004.8M
43Thom0110021.8M
44Tijn 10107161.1M
45Tijn 20202051.6M
46Tomas 10211092.7M
47Tomas 20305234.6M

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by a grant from the Praeventiefonds at The Hague in the Netherlands (Nr. 28-798).