Chinese-Chang Corpus

Chien-ju Chang
Developmental Psychology
National Taiwan Normal University


Participants: 90 children, ages 3, 5, and 7
Type of Study: narrative
Media type: audio

Browsable transcripts

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Media folder

Citation information

Chang, C. (2009). Narrative development in Mandarin-speaking children in Taiwan and Mainland China: Scripts, personal narratives, and fantasy narratives [Technical report]. Taipei, Taiwan: National Science Council, Taiwan. (NSC94-2413-H-003-044, NSC95-2413-H-003-002, NSC96-2413-H-003-001)

Chang, C., & McCabe, A. (2013). Evaluation in Mandarin Chinese children’s personal narratives. In A. McCabe & C. Chang (Eds.), Chinese language narration: Culture, cognition, and emotion (pp. 33-56). Amsterdam, Netherlands: John Benjamins.

Chang, C., & Yang, K. (2010). Picture book narration: Referential skill in Mandarin Chinese-speaking children. In J. Zhou., L. Jin, C. Chang & L. Chen (Eds.), Language studies of Chinese speaking children (pp.31-54). Nanjing, China: Nanjing Normal University.

Publications using these data should cite one of the above references.

Project Description

Please see this link for a general description of the Frog Story methods.

This study aims to explore narrative development in children living in Taiwan and Mainland China and to examine if children's narrative performance differs across genres. Children aged from 3 to 10 participated in this study, including 222 children (110 boys, 112 girls) from Taiwan and 188 (112 boys, 76 girls) from Mainland China. However, only data from 90 children are included in CHILDES. The three-year-olds and the first graders were revisited half a year and once a year respectively to trace the rate and direction of their growth in narrative skill. All children were asked to tell fantasy narratives, personally experienced stories, scripts and frog stories (Mayer, ) during interviews. The whole process of interviews were audio and video recorded. Children’s narratives were transcribed and coded using CHAT.


National Science Council, Taiwan. (NSC94-2413-H-003-044, NSC95-2413-H-003-002, NSC96-2413-H-003-001)